Free «International Monetary System» Essay Sample

The world monetary system is a pivotal aspect of global economics, influencing international business, trade, and economic policies. It is responsible for economic stability in the world. The International Monetary System works to create a common reference point for all the major world currencies. This paper explores the intricacies of exchange rates, the role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the impact of monetary systems on financial stability.

The Critical Role of Managing Currencies in the Global Economy

Currency management is a critical aspect of the world monetary system, playing a pivotal role in maintaining financial stability and promoting international trade and development. It encompasses a broad range of activities, from monitoring global economic trends to implementing specific economic policies designed to influence exchange rates. Here’s an in-depth look at why currency management is so important:

1. Financial Stability:

  • Currency management helps stabilize a country’s economy by controlling inflation and preventing excessive volatility in exchange rates.
  • A stable currency is essential for attracting foreign investment, which is a key driver of economic growth.

2. World Monetary System:

  • The world monetary system relies on the effective management of currencies to facilitate smooth international transactions.
  • By ensuring that currencies are valued appropriately, countries can avoid trade imbalances that might lead to economic crises.

3. Exchange Rates:

  • Exchange rates play a crucial role in international business, as they determine the cost of importing and exporting goods and services.
  • Adjusting exchange rates can be a strategic tool for governments to influence their country’s competitive position in the global market.

4. Economic Policies:

  • Economic policies related to currency management can include interventions in the foreign exchange market or adjustments to interest rates.
  • These policies aim to achieve a balance between encouraging economic growth and maintaining price stability.

5. International Trade and Development:

  • Effective currency management facilitates international trade by making pricing more predictable and reducing the risk of sudden cost changes due to currency fluctuations.
  • It also supports development by ensuring that countries can afford to import the goods and services needed to advance their economies.

In conclusion, currency management is an indispensable component of the world monetary system. It requires a delicate balance of monitoring and intervention to maintain exchange rates that support financial stability and economic growth. Through careful management, countries can foster a favorable environment for international business and development, ensuring that they remain competitive and resilient in the face of global economic challenges. Maintaining this balance is not only crucial for individual nations but also for the health of the global economy as a whole.

Calculate the cost of essay


Title of your paper
Type of service
Type of assignment
Academic Level
Number of pages

Exchange Rates

Exchange rates are a fundamental element of the international monetary system, serving as the bedrock upon which international business and financial stability are built. They represent the value at which one currency can be exchanged for another, and this rate fluctuates based on a variety of economic factors. Here’s a closer look at the role of exchange rates in the global economy:

1. Influence on International Business:

  • Exchange rates determine the cost-effectiveness of cross-border trade and investment.
  • A favorable exchange rate can make a country’s exports cheaper and more competitive on the global stage.

2. Impact on the Money Market:

  • The money market, which includes short-term loan markets, is sensitive to changes in the exchange rate.
  • Investors and traders closely monitor exchange rates to make informed decisions about currency investments.

3. Fixed vs. Floating Exchange Rates:

  • Fixed exchange rates are set and maintained by a government, which can provide stability but requires significant reserves to maintain.
  • Floating exchange rates are determined by the market forces of supply and demand, which can lead to more volatility but also reflect the true value of a currency.

4. Shaping Economic Policies:

  • Governments and central banks may intervene in the foreign exchange market to influence the exchange rate and achieve specific economic objectives.
  • Such interventions are part of broader economic policies aimed at promoting financial stability and growth.

5. Financial Stability:

  • Stable exchange rates contribute to financial stability by reducing uncertainty in international trade and development.
  • Conversely, volatile exchange rates can lead to economic uncertainty and may precipitate financial crises.

6. Facilitating International Trade and Development:

  • By providing a mechanism for converting one currency to another, exchange rates facilitate international trade and development.
  • They enable countries to transact with each other, import goods, and settle international debts.

In summary, exchange rates are a critical component of the world monetary system, influencing everything from individual investments to the economic policies of nations. Their role in ensuring financial stability cannot be overstated, as they directly affect international trade, the money market, and the broader economic landscape. Understanding and managing exchange rates is therefore essential for countries looking to participate effectively in the global economy.

What Is International Monetary Fund?

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a cornerstone institution within the international monetary system, playing a pivotal role in maintaining global financial stability. Established to oversee the network of exchange rates and international payments, the IMF facilitates the smooth execution of transnational financial transactions, which is essential for countries engaging in international trade.

Some countries are more developed than others. So, in order to prevent discrimination of poor countries by rich countries, the IMF funds developments in the smaller countries. The IMF also regulates the exchange rates in all countries against the USD. This organization is made up of member countries from all over the world (Dormael, 1978).

By implementing sound monetary policy recommendations and offering financial resources during times of economic distress, the IMF works to prevent the kinds of economic disruptions that can lead to widespread financial instability. It serves as a guardian of the money market, ensuring that the flow of money across borders does not destabilize the global economy.

Benefit from Our Service: Save 25%

Along with the first order offer - 15% discount, you save extra 10% since we provide 300 words/page instead of 275 words/page


Moreover, the IMF’s efforts to stabilize the international monetary system are critical for individual nations as they navigate the complexities of global finance. Through its surveillance, lending, and capacity-building activities, the IMF helps countries to develop and maintain robust economic policies, thereby fostering an environment conducive to sustainable economic growth and financial security.

In essence, the IMF’s mission is to provide a stable backdrop for the world’s economies, enabling them to prosper and cooperate in a harmonious financial ecosystem. Its influence on the international monetary system is profound, making it an indispensable entity for the collective economic health of nations worldwide.

What International Monetary Fund Does

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) plays a crucial role in the international monetary system, with its activities centered around ensuring global financial stability. The IMF’s multifaceted approach includes:

  • Surveillance

This is a cornerstone of the IMF’s work, where it monitors economic and financial developments globally. Through surveillance, the IMF assesses the financial and economic policies of its member countries and provides necessary policy advice. This process is integral to the IMF’s mission to promote international financial stability and prevent potential financial crises.

  • Capacity Building

The IMF is committed to strengthening the institutional capacity of its member nations. It offers training and technical assistance to help countries develop robust frameworks for economic policy-making. This support is tailored to the specific needs of each country, with the goal of enhancing their ability to foster sustainable economic growth and participate effectively in international business.

  • Lending

In times of financial crisis, the IMF provides a financial safety net to its members. It extends loans to countries facing balance of payments problems, which helps them to stabilize their economies and restore conditions for strong economic growth. This lending is a vital resource for countries to navigate through economic turmoil and regain financial stability.

VIP Services

Extended revision period


SMS notification of the order status


Get order proofread by editor


Get order prepared by top 30 writers


Get a full PDF plagiarism report


Get VIP support

VIP Service
package $23.2320% off

VIP Service
package $23.23

Through these activities, the IMF supports the smooth functioning of the international monetary system, which is essential for secure and prosperous international business relations. The organization’s efforts to provide surveillance, capacity building, and lending contribute significantly to the overall health of the global economy.

Pros and Cons of IMF

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a key player in the world monetary system, with its policies and actions having far-reaching implications for international business and economic stability. The IMF’s primary goal is to ensure monetary policy cooperation among nations, thereby securing financial stability on a global scale. This is particularly crucial in times of financial crisis, where the IMF’s intervention can help stabilize economies. Moreover, by facilitating international trade, the IMF contributes to the economic prosperity of its member countries.

However, the IMF has faced criticism over the years. World leaders and economists have pointed out that the conditionality attached to IMF loans can infringe upon the sovereignty of borrower countries, dictating their economic policies and priorities. Additionally, the IMF’s track record in predicting and preventing financial crises has been questioned, with some high-profile misses in its history.

Book The Best Top Expert at our service

Your order will be assigned to the most experienced writer in the relevant discipline. The highly demanded expert, one of our top-30 writers with the highest rate among the customers.

Hire a TOP Writer for $4.40

Here is a table summarizing the advantages and disadvantages of the IMF:



Promotes international monetary cooperation

Loan conditionality can impact national sovereignty

Contributes to financial stability

Has faced challenges in predicting/preventing financial crises

Facilitates international trade


Provides support during financial crises


Encourages sound economic policies


The IMF remains a cornerstone institution, playing a vital role in the maintenance of the international monetary system and the promotion of global financial stability. Despite its challenges, the IMF’s efforts are essential for fostering a stable environment for international business and economic growth.

Distinguishing the Roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank are two distinct entities that serve as pillars of the international monetary system, each with its own set of objectives and functions. The IMF is primarily concerned with monetary policy and the stability of the money market. It plays a critical role in maintaining financial stability, especially during times of financial crisis, by providing policy advice and financial assistance to countries in need. The IMF’s activities are crucial in ensuring that the foreign exchange markets function smoothly, which is vital for international business.

VIP Support VIP support ensures that your enquiries will be answered immediately by our Support Team. Extra attention is guaranteed.

Hire a VIP Support for $9.99

On the other hand, the World Bank’s mission is to foster long-term economic development and reduce poverty. It achieves this by providing financial and technical assistance to developing countries for development programs (e.g., infrastructure, health, education) that are expected to improve economic prospects and quality of life. The World Bank’s focus is not on the money market or immediate financial stability but rather on preparing economic policies that promote sustainable development.

World leaders often turn to these institutions to seek support in navigating the complexities of the global economy. While the IMF helps countries to manage immediate economic challenges, the World Bank looks to the future, aiming to create the foundations for sustained economic growth. Both institutions, therefore, are essential for a balanced and progressive international economic landscape. Here’s a summary of their differences:

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

World Bank

Focuses on monetary policy and financial stability

Concentrates on long-term economic development and poverty reduction

Provides short-term financial assistance during crises

Offers long-term loans and grants for development projects

Aims to stabilize the money market and foreign exchange rates

Works to improve living standards through sustainable economic policies

Engages in surveillance of global economies

Provides expertise and funding for infrastructure and social services

In essence, while the IMF is designed to address immediate issues in the money market and prevent financial instability, the World Bank is geared towards improving the economic policies and development prospects of nations over the longer term. Both institutions are crucial for the health of the international monetary system and play complementary roles in promoting global economic well-being.

Bretton Woods Conference

In 1971, the famous Bretton Woods conference was held in America to establish a common ground for trade. Previously, huge economic imbalances had existed in the world. Some countries were more industrialized than others. Some countries also had serious unemployment rates compared to others. Just after World War Two, there was need to streamline trade. A common level ground could only be realized through the use of a common currency. This common currency was also to be the reserve money. Gold was selected to act as a common currency.

Affiliate Program: Earn 10%

from all orders made by people you bring!

Your people also get 17% discount for their first order

Join now

The use of Gold for trade created serious imbalances. Gold was used as the standard mode of currency for a long time until 1971. The use of gold benefited some countries while discriminating some countries. Gold became scarce in most parts of the world except USSR. The USA proposed the dollar as a common currency. This has since been accepted especially after a gold-dollar conversion ratio was established. The USD has been used ever since 1971 (Dormael, 1978). The dollar is easy to use. IMF is responsible for regulating the trade in the world. Some countries need to be boosted so as to create the balance. The IMF also gives loans to countries to aid in their development. Such kind of lending is to help develop infrastructures.

Solidifying Global Prosperity: The Role of the International Monetary System and World Leaders

In conclusion, the international monetary system is integral to the global economy, underpinning financial stability and facilitating international trade and development. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) serves as a central pillar in this system, providing guidance on monetary policy and offering support to nations navigating the complexities of the money market. Through its surveillance, lending, and capacity-building efforts, the IMF helps shape economic policies that aim to sustain a balanced and prosperous world monetary system.

Our Discounts:

5% for more
than 30 pages

10%for more
than 50 pages

15%for more
than 100 pages

World leaders recognize the importance of a robust world monetary system, as it is crucial for the smooth operation of international business and the prevention of financial crises. The IMF’s role in maintaining this system is indispensable, as it works to ensure that monetary policy across different countries aligns with the broader goals of economic stability and growth.

As we look to the future, the continued collaboration between nations and institutions like the IMF will be essential in fostering an environment where the world monetary system can thrive, supporting a healthy global economy that benefits all. The synergy between sound monetary policy and international cooperation is the bedrock upon which our financial security rests, making the world monetary system a cornerstone of our collective economic well-being.

Essay Samples

  • Preparing Orders


    Preparing Orders

  • Active Writers


    Active Writers

  • Positive Feedback


    Positive Feedback

  • Support Agents


    Support Agents

FREE Extras:

  • FREE revision (within 2 days)
  • FREE title page
  • FREE bibliography
  • FREE outline (on request)
  • FREE e-mail delivery
  • FREE formatting

We Guarantee:

  • Quality research and writing
  • 24/7/365 Live support
  • MA, BA, and PhD degree writers
  • 100% Confidentiality
  • No hidden charges
  • Never resold works
  • Complete authenticity

Paper Format:

  • 12 pt. Times New Roman
  • Double-spaced/Single-spaced papers
  • 1 inch margins
  • Any citation style
  • Up-to-date sources only
  • Fully referenced papers